The Excalibur mainloop, the infinite update and draw cycle, is driven by the Clock.

Standard clock

The standard clock is the default, and runs continuously once started. The internal implementation uses the browser requestAnimationFrame() to drive each game tick.

The FPS of the clock can be artificially limited in the Engine constructor, this can be useful to produce a consistent experience on many platforms or testing lower a framerate.

If no max is set, the FPS will be whatever the browser allows (usually display refresh rate)

For example, limiting to 30fps:

const game = new ex.Engine({
    maxFps: 30

Scheduling tasks (also see Timer)

Instead of using the browser setTimeout() the clock can be used to schedule tasks that are tied to the excalibur clock, this means they will respect when a game is stopped and not fire.

const game = new ex.Engine({...});
game.clock.schedule(() => {
    console.log('Hello in 300ms');
}, 300);

Test clock

The test clock allows single stepping of each clock tick, which can be useful for debugging and unit testing.

Stepping & Running the clock

const game = new ex.Engine({...});
const testClock = game.debug.useTestClock();

// Single Step as if we are running 60fps

// Multiple steps at once, for example 100 steps at 60fps, 16.6);

// to switch back to the standard clock